Pseudo butters come to market in two ways, which I will describe here.
Method 1: Combining with saturated butters
Not all oils have enough saturated fatty acids in them to make a solid form naturally.
In order to make a desirable sounding butter, rosehip seed oil is added to a common butter-like palm oil, or a hydrogenated soybean oil and then sold as rose hip butter.
Method 2: Hydrogenating the liquid oil
Another type of pseudo butter is to hydrogenate an oil like avocado to create a solid form by changing the fatty acids from unsaturated to saturated. This is the same process as making margarine.
Pseudo butters I have seen include:
- Avocado butter
- Green tea butter
- Rose hip butter
- Almond butter
- Hemp butter
- Macadamia butter
- Olive butter
- Aloe butter
In contrast, the true butters are naturally high in saturated fatty acids which gives us a creamy or solid consistency at room temperature.
Examples of true butters are:
- Shea butter
- Cocoa butter
- Mango butter
- Cupuaçu butter
- Illipe butter
- Ucuuba butter
- Kpangnan butter
- Mowrah butter
Understanding your materials is important when formulating skincare, and while the pseudo butters are fine to use topically on the skin, knowledge of their composition is valuable.
So how do you determine if a butter is natural or not?
This is where INCI is so valuable.
Using INCI to Evaluate Ingredients
INCI is an international naming system to standardize the names of cosmetic ingredients and it stands for International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, INCI.
A natural butter will include the botanical name of the plant the seeds were pressed from.
- Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Butter
- Mangifera indica (Mango) Butter
- Theobroma grandiflorum (Cupuaçu) Butter
These are the true butters.
A pseudo butter will have a more complicated INCI
Here’s an avocado butter INCI:
Persea Gratissima Oil; Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil; Butyrospermum Parkii Butter; Tocopherol.
Or, coffee butter:
Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil (and) Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil (and) Coffea Arabica (Coffee) Seed Oil
One glance at the INCI and you know exactly what you are working with.
Knowledge of your raw materials is invaluable.
Have you worked with either true butters or pseudo butters?
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